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 A-Z Glossary

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
P

P.V.P
Seals and adds shine.

P.V.P/VA
"Copolymer Nonionic ""film"" forming agent. "

PABA
Esthers found in sunscreen and cosmetic products that can make skin sensitive.

PALM ROLLING
A technique used to smooth out the shaft of a loc by rolling it, with or without product, between the palms of the hands.

PALMITATE
Synthetic moisturizer.

PANTHENOL
Aids detangling. Provides volume, control and shine.

PANTOTHENIC ACID
Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life (essential nutrient). Pantothenic acid is needed to form coenzyme-A (CoA), and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

PAPILLA
The small area at the base of the hair root which provides nutrients needed for growth.

PARFUM
The most concentrated and most fragrant scent and therefore the most expensive.

PATCH TEST
A test performed (usually with a hair dye or other potential allergen) on the skin 24 hours before its use to determine sensitivity.

PERM
"I know what you are thinking arrgh the 80’s disaster cut. The Perm creates curls by restructuring your hair molecules with a chemical, or heat treatment and is generally a long-lasting or permanent change to your hair.

PERMANENT
A definition set by the American FDA that most laser and intense light source manufacturers claim to meet for hair removal.

PERMANENT HAIR REDUCTION
Treatments, especially IPL, where the follicle is disabled by the light energy making it unable to support any more hair growth. permanent hair removal, permanent hair reduction, permanent hair removal, permanent hiar reduction)

PERMANENTLY
Completely changing the natural colour of the hair.

PH: (PH: PERCENTAGE OF HYDROGEN)
Used to measure acidity in cosmetic preparations.

PIGMENT
Colour.

PIGMENTED LESION (BENIGN)
Variety of skin conditions mainly the result of excess melanin. Commonly known as Café au Lait stains, birthmarks, age spots and freckles.

PORE
A small opening of the sweat glands of the skin.

POROSITY
Ability to absorb moisture.

PROPECIA
The brand name for finestaride. The only drug approved by the FDA to treat hair loss.

PROPRIETARY
Pertaining to a drug that is produced for profit.

PROSCAR
The brand name for finestaride approved for the treatment of BPH.

PROTEIN TREATMENT
A treatment used on the hair. Designed to add strength and elasticity to the hair by adding protein to the cortex.

PSORIASIS
Chronic skin inflammation characterised by frequent episodes of redness, itching and thick, dry scales.

PUNCH GRAFT
The old fashioned way of removing grafts for hair transplants, usually carried out using an instrument called a trephine