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 A-Z Glossary

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B

B5
Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life (essential nutrient). Pantothenic acid is needed to form coenzyme-A (CoA), and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

BACTERIA
An organism responsible for infection.

BARBA
Medical term for beard.

BARBICIDE
Brand name of sanitizer used to disinfect salon implements.

BASIC SHADE
A natural or neutral colour.

BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is non-cancerous enlargement of the prostrate gland. The prostate gland swells, which reduces the urine flow and prevents the bladder from emptying.

BETAINE
A natural conditioning substance for example: from molasses or sugar beet.

BIOPSY
A section of skin tissue removed for clinical observation.

BIRTH CONTROL
Drugs that sometimes cause increased hair growth.

BIRTHMARKS
Discoloured skin that should be examined and approved by a physician before hair removal.

BLACK SKIN
Probably the most difficult type of skin from which to remove hair, Type VI on the Fitzpatrick scale.

BLACKHEADS
A type of clogged pore in the skin with a visible black plug.

BLANCHING
A whitening of the skin sometimes caused by some types of hair removal. Also called hypopigmentation.

BLEACH
A method used to disguise (not remove) hair by lightening its colour

BLEMISH
Blood or pigment based visible mark (blimish, blemish)

BLEND
A modality of electrolysis which uses both thermolysis and galvanic methods.

BLISTER
A small fluid-filled bubble on the skin caused by heat from over treatment with certain types of hair removal.

BLONDE HAIR
Is not as visible, but itís also harder to treat. Lasers have limited effects on it because of its lack of pigment, and it is difficult to see against the skin.

BOAR BRISTLE
A bristle commonly used in natural bristle brushes.

BOB
"The Bob was the classic look of the 50s and 60s; the style was short and straight but blow-dried and curled under. At itís worst the style could make you look like a mushroom, but at best with the curl accentuating your cheekbones it created an incredibly sexy look.

BODY
The volume or springiness of hair.

BONDING
To attach wefted hair to the natural hair with a latex or surgical type adhesive.

BOTANICAL
Refers to a product containing plants or ingredients made from plants.

BRAID
To weave strands of hair together. On the scalp braiding is used to form a base or track to sew on a commercial weft. This is the cornrow technique. Off the scalp braiding is used for traditional braiding styles and various methods adding extensions such as Warlocks.

BRASSY
Refers to unflattering warm tones in hair colour created by chemicals or damage.

BROKEN CAPILLARIES
These tiny blood vessels at the surface of the skin appear as streaks or blotches. Most common on the face they are cause by ageing, sun and trauma. Whilst not harmful they can be unsightly.

BRUISE
A discoloration of skin from blood, sometimes caused by electrolysis, plucking, or waxing. Also known as Purpura.

BULB
The root of a hair, so named because itís wider at the base.

BULBOUS NEEDLE
A type of electrolysis needle.

BULGE
A point midway up the hair follicle which researchers suspect must be damaged to induce permanent hair removal

BULK HAIR
Term for loose commercial hair. This hair is used for creating wefts or for services like fusion.